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Fes city

Fes city

  • February 5, 2021

The history of Fez dates back to the 2nd century AD. C., when Idris bin Abdullah, founder of the state of Idrisid, built a city on the right bank of the river Fez in 789 .
Dozens of Arab families of the villagers came to Fez to establish the first neighborhoods of the city, which was known as the enemy of the villagers.
And the Andalusians who were forced to emigrate from Andalusia came to him to form the neighborhood of the Andalusian enemy.
There was a special Jewish neighborhood called Al-Malah neighborhood. Twenty years after the death of Idris I, his son Idris II founded the Second City on the left bank of the river.
The city was thus divided until the Almoravids entered it, so Yusef bin Tashfin ordered to unify them and turn them into a single city, and it became the main military base in northern Morocco for the successive countries that ruled the region in addition to Being a religious and scientific center in North Africa and Al-Qarawiyyin University was founded in 859 AD, which was the destination of students from all over the Islamic world and Europe.

The most famous tourist attraction in Fez.

Tanneries: The city of Fez is famous for the production of leather and for its tanning, and among these traditional tanneries are the Shawarara tanneries, and the city still practices traditional methods of leather production and tanning, dating back to the Old Age Half. , where the leather is exposed to strong sunlight, and the sinks are filled with many dyes made from turmeric, poppy and mint, and indigo. It should be noted that pigeon manure is used to soften the leather before starting to dye it.

Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque: The Al-Qirouin Mosque is located in the Old City, and it is the second largest mosque in the country, and the mosque is connected to the oldest university in the world, which is the University of Kairouin, as dates back to It dates back to the mid-9th century, and the Mosque Library is one of the oldest and most important libraries in the world.

Al-Bouanania School: It was built during the reign of the Marinids, since it is a historical Islamic school, since this school is a testimony of the Marini architecture in Morocco, since its surface is covered almost entirely with decorations, in addition of the presence of stucco and wood carving work along it, as is the case in the patio where the Precious marble shines.

Dar Al-Batha: The Dar Al-Batha Palace is located in the old city, and was converted in 1915 AD. in a museum as it includes many artifacts, wood carvings, Moroccan tiles, and a ceramic collection dating back to the 14th century. century, in addition to including a wonderful garden that was built in the Andalusian style, and in it there are many plants, mosaics and a water fountain.

The Royal Palace: It is called Dar al-Makhzen or the Royal Palace of Fez, and it is considered one of the palaces of the royal family that are distributed in each city, in order to visit it when visiting cities, this palace is characterized by Giant doors that were made of brass and gold, and surrounded by carved cedar and ceramic works, in addition to mosaics.

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