The city of Marrakesh has been associated with the name of seven men, where I find their shrines that constitute a historical landmark for the city, along with the lighthouse, the Koutoubia mosque, and other historical monuments that attract foreign tourists and the people of the homeland, so who are the seven men?
Seven men are seven jurists, judges and Sufis whose shrines are located in Marrakesh. They are Youssef bin Ali Al-Senhaji, Al-Qadi Ayyad, Abu Al-Qasim Al-Suhaili, Abu Al-Abbas Al-Sabti, Muhammad bin Suleiman Al-Jazouli, Sidi Abdel Aziz Al-Tabaa, Sidi Abdullah Al-Ghazwani, and the common denominator between these Personalities are their asceticism in the world and their delinquency for Sufism, their pursuit of good deeds, their preservation of the Qur’an, their spreading of knowledge, and their commitment to composing in hadith, jurisprudence, biography and language.
Sir Youssef bin Ali
He is Youssef bin Ali Al Senhaji, born in Marrakech and has not left it throughout his life. He lived in the sixth century AH. During his youth, he suffered from leprosy, which made his family afraid of infection and abandoned him, so he was forced to leave them and live in a cave near the city, and he stayed there for a long time, which brought people admiration for him and his ability to remain alone in an abandoned place.
He was a vivid example of conviction, generosity and certainty in God. He died in 593 AH, corresponding to the year 67/1196 AD, and was buried in Bab Agmat, and after his death a mausoleum was built around the cave and delegations continued to visit him.
He is Ayyad Ibn Musa Al-Yhasibi. Maalikis months scholars in the Muslim West. Originally from the city of Ceuta. He died in Marrakech in 544 AH, corresponding to the year 1149 AD. He attained the status of guardianship thanks to his piety and compliance with Islamic teachings, and thanks to his intense love for the Messenger – may God bless him and grant him peace – which he expressed with great eloquence in his famous book Al-Shifa.
Abu Al-Abbas Al-Sabti
He is Ahmad Ibn Jaafar Al-Khazraji, the father of Al-Abbas Al-Sabti. He passed away in Marrakech in 601 AH, corresponding to the year 1205 A.D. He came to Marrakesh at the age of 20, and settled in Mount Gueliz, where he lived for 40 years without entering the city. A disciple of Judge Ayyad, it was said that he spent his life caring for and defending the weak, but was called “the patron saint of Marrakesh”. He died in the year 1205.
Sidi Ben Suleiman Al-Jazouli
He is Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Jazuli. He died in 870 AH, corresponding to the year 1465 AD in the district of Essaouira, then his body was transferred to the metropolis of Marrakesh. He renewed Moroccan mysticism in his time in order to defend the country’s estate against the Iberian encroachment.
Abdul Aziz Al Tabaa Al Harar.
He passed away in 914 AH, corresponding to the year 1508/09 AD. He is considered the most prominent follower of Sheikh Jazouli. He is called “Mall of Silk,” meaning the silk merchant in Fez, spreading Sufi morals through craft guilds, and settled in the Ben Youssef Mosque in Marrakesh where he was buried. He died in 1508.
The “owner of the palaces” died in 1528 AD. He moved to Marrakesh for his knowledge, and what caused the consolidation of the Sufi revival, and he came to continue his knowledge with Sidi Abdel Aziz Al Tabaa in Marrakesh, and it was said that he is the founder of a zawiya in the “Al Qusour” neighborhood.
Known for his strengthening of the regenerative construction of Sufism in Morocco, that building established by Sheikh Al-Jazouli to impress the public with its righteousness and piety.
Abdul Rahman Al-Suhaili
Abd al-Rahman al-Suhaili is of Andalusian origin. He died in 1186 AD. He was famous for his wealth of knowledge, the sublime of his morals, his Sufi poetry, and his openness at a time when censorship and sectarian fanaticism intensified.